and the Byzantine Empire
During the 13th to 15th centuries, Mystra became the
artistic center, last remaining province, and unofficial
capital of the disintegrating Byzantine Empire, based in
Constantinople, (now Istanbul, Turkey).  This is a typical
Mystra Greek Orthodox Church of Byzantine design.
The Mystra Cathedral (Mitropolis), where the last
Byzantine Emperor was crowned.  He died defending
Constantinople, which was finally captured by the Ottoman
Turks in 1453.  Mystra was the last holdout, becoming part
of the Ottoman Empire six years later in 1460.
Byzantine artworks, such as this mosaic, survive
in the Cathedral and other Mystra churches.
A Mary and Jesus Byzantine fresco wall painting.
Restoration of Mystra's buildings and art treasures is a
long-term project for the Greeks.  This Mary and Jesus
presentation appeared to be in perfect condition, which was
the exception when I visited Mystra in 1992.
If you have a high speed internet connection, watch the
Intrepid Berkeley Explorer's free video of this trip to Greece
by clicking on:
I Follow Apollo