and KING TUT
Later Pharaohs built their capital at Thebes, in
southern Egypt. Its glory was the Great Temple of
Karnak, shown here. One Pharaoh after another
kept re-decorating the temple for over 1,500 years,
followed by the Greeks and Romans. The roof is
gone, leaving an outdoor museum.
The Karnak Temple's two obelisks, one raised
by Tutmosis I, the other by Queen Hatshepsut,
Egypt's first female Pharaoh.
Nearby the Karnak Temple stands the Luxor
Temple, dedicated to the mighty sun god
Amun-Ra. These are the giant Pylons of the
temple, illuminated at night.
Pharaohs now glorified themselves by building
mortuary temples across the Nile. This most
famous and well preserved design was for Queen
Hatshepsut. The Pharaoh's bodies went elsewhere.
Nearby, in the Valley of the Kings, the mummy of each
Pharaoh was laid to rest in a carefully hidden tomb, along
with necessary treasures for the after life.
Spectacular wall paintings adorn many of the tombs. Here,
the Pharaoh Hoemheb is greeted and comforted by the
goddess Hathor. But the Pharaohs found no comfort in the
Valley of the Kings, as grave robbers still managed to locate
and loot every single hidden tomb, with only one exception.
Pharaoh Tutankhamun (King Tut) was an insignificant boy
king while alive over 3,000 years ago. But his tomb alone
escaped the grave robbers, and remained undiscovered until
1922. Found with his treasure intact, such as this funerary
mask, King Tut became a sensation. The contents of King
Tut's tomb, including this signature mask, are on display in
Cairo's Egyptian Museum, where I took this picture.
If you have a high speed internet connection, watch the Intrepid
Berkeley Explorer's free video of Egypt by clicking on:
King Tut, Ramses, and Me