Belgrade's Kalemegdan Citadel has been conquered, destroyed
and rebuilt dozens of times over the centuries. What we see
now mainly reflects construction by the last two conquerers,
the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires. The Serbians
add tanks from their Military Museum, a unique time warp.
This Belgrade citadel is put to modern uses. Here is the 15th
century Dizdar Tower, which also serves as the National
Astronomical Observatory for star gazing.
There is no lack of scenic angles, helping to make the Citadel
popular with both locals and tourists.
Twin towers of the Dungeon Gate look ready for battle. They
were actually used as a prison during the middle ages. Serbia
has the best fortress I saw, of little use when Serbian leaders
tried and failed to prevent the dissolution of Yugoslavia.
Serbian nationalists, led by Slobodan Milosevic, incited,
launched, and lost a series of brutal civil wars during the early
1990s, leading to six independent countries that were once
part of the former Yugoslavia. Now all that remains is the
nation of Serbia, whose capital, Belgrade, used to be the
Capital of Yugoslavia.